... that the Russian Orthodox Church is the second largest religious group in Kazakhstan. 30 per cent of the population are Orthodox, and there are 230 Orthodox associations and 220 parishes or congregations in the country. There are over 300,000 Catholics living in Kazakhstan, belonging to a total of 250 parishes or congregations, 90 religious communities, and 160 visiting groups. There are about 40 Catholic churches, and 200 chapels and houses of prayer. Not to miss is the impressive Svyatovoznesenskii Cathedral - a unique feat of engineering, designed by the architect A. Zenkov in 1904. The 56 metres high building is made of blue tyan-shan fir.